The African pygmy-geese are the smallest and most beautiful of African’s waterfowl. Their bright colours and distinct pattern are perfect camouflage when in their natural setting of reed-lined and vegetation-laden cul-de-sacs. They are not shy when unmolested and remain motionless amid floating vegetation. The African pygmy-geese range widely throughout the swamps, smashes, shallow lakes and slow-floating rivers of tropical Africa and Madagascar, but they are absent from the more arid sectors of the southwest. Floating rather low in the water, they forage most actively early and late in the day, usually by dabbing on the surface while swimming among floating vegetation. Commonly resting on partially submerged branches or logs, they also frequently root in trees. Alarmed ducks rise rapidly, skimming over the water in swift zigzagging flight before settling down a short distance away. Wounded birds may conceal themselves underwater in aquatic vegetation with only the bill protruding above the surface. They utilized permanent water lily-covered waters with submerged vegetation or temporary pools, open lakes and coastal lagoons. They are semi-gregarious ducks and often gather in groups of 2-200 birds, and can form sizable flocks during the molt and dry season. The breading season varies according to locality. Eggs are laid from June to March, although southern breeders tend to nest during the austral summer. Their strong pair bonds can extend beyond one season. They typically nest in hollows as high as 60 feet or in tall trees emerging from water, but pairs also seek cliff holes, termite mounds, abandoned Hamerkop nests, and even cavities in the roof thatching of occupied native huts. Pygmy-geese reportedly nest in herbaceous ground vegetation in swampy areas, perhaps to escape the black mambas that habitually explore arboreal cavities. Even so, ground nesting is highly doubtful. The drake’s role in brood care is unknown.